Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu
The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Peru. This awe-inspiring site is located in the Cusco Region and is one of the most significant archaeological sites in the world.
Why is Machu Picchu called a “historic sanctuary”?
Machu Picchu is called a historic sanctuary because it is a protected area that contains significant historical and cultural value. The site is considered one of the most important archaeological sites in the world. Also, it is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The term “sanctuary” refers to the fact that the site is protected from exploitation and development. This ensures that it can be preserved for future generations to appreciate and learn from. The site’s designation as a historic sanctuary highlights its importance as a site of cultural and historical significance. Also, it reinforces the need to protect and preserve it for future generations.
Designating Machu Picchu as a historic sanctuary is not only important for preserving its cultural and historical value, but also for protecting its natural environment. The site is located in a highly sensitive ecological zone. There is a diverse range of plant and animal species that are unique to the region. The protection of the site as a historic sanctuary helps to ensure that its natural environment is preserved. Thus, it allows visitors to experience the site in its natural state and reduces the impact of human activity on the local ecosystem.
In addition to its designation as a historic sanctuary, Machu Picchu is also protected under Peruvian law. The site is managed by the Peruvian government, with strict regulations in place to ensure that it is preserved for future generations. Visitors to the site are required to follow specific guidelines. These guidelines include staying on designated paths, and not touching or removing any of the artifacts or structures at the site.
History and architecture of the Machu Picchu Sanctuary
Machu Picchu was built in the 15th century and was abandoned during the Spanish conquest. It remained hidden from the outside world until 1911 when it was rediscovered by Hiram Bingham, an American explorer. Since then, the site has become a popular tourist destination, attracting thousands of visitors every year.
The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is a testament to the remarkable engineering skills of the Inca people. The site was built on top of a mountain ridge, over 2,400 meters above sea level. The Inca people used terraces, walls, and ramps to construct the site. Thus, they created a unique and awe-inspiring landscape that blends seamlessly into the natural surroundings.
One of the most impressive features of Machu Picchu is the Temple of the Sun. This temple was dedicated to Inti, the Inca sun god. It probably was considered one of the most important religious sites in the Inca Empire. The temple was constructed using large, precisely cut stones that fit together seamlessly, a testament to the incredible craftsmanship of the Inca people.
The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu can be reached via the famous Inca Trail. This trail is a popular hiking route that spans over 42 kilometers. It takes hikers through some of the most stunning landscapes in Peru. The trail ends at Machu Picchu, providing hikers with a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to explore this historic site.
Discover the wonders of Machu Picchu
Visiting Machu Picchu is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to explore a remarkable historic site and to marvel at the ingenuity and skill of the Inca people. You can hike along the famous Inca Trail to reach Machu Picchu. Alternatively, you can take the train from Ollantaytambo to Aguas Calientes, the town located at the base of Machu Picchu, and then take a shuttle bus up to the site.
Once at Machu Picchu, you can explore the many buildings and structures that make up the site. You can also take in the breathtaking views of the surrounding mountains and valleys, and learn about the history and culture of the Inca people from expert guides.
Visiting the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is an unforgettable experience. The site is not only a testament to the incredible engineering skills of the Inca people but also a testament to their spiritual and cultural beliefs. It is a reminder of the rich history and culture of Peru, and a symbol of the enduring legacy of the Inca people.